In the winter of 1847, George Donner, the co-leader of the California-bound group of American settlers engaged in intraspecies protein reallocation in order to maintain metabolic integrity.  However his failure to fulfill caloric obligations in a timely manner rendered him unviable.

 

-Unknown

Ersatz

Ersatz

is a situation found in chess and other games wherein one player is put at a disadvantage because they must make a move when they would prefer to pass and not move. The fact that the player is compelled to move means that their position will become significantly weaker.