Great Britain is a republic with a hereditary president, while the United States is a monarchy with an elective king.

 

-Knoxville Journal 1896

Ersatz

Ersatz

is a situation found in chess and other games wherein one player is put at a disadvantage because they must make a move when they would prefer to pass and not move. The fact that the player is compelled to move means that their position will become significantly weaker.